Semiconductor Equipment and Materials Industry Timeline


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Semiconductor Equipment and Materials Industry Timeline

1947

 

The transistor is invented at Bell Laboratories by the team of William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain.

     

1955

 

Bell Labs researchers apply photolithography used for printed circuit boards to the fabrication of silicon based transistors. (Source: Computer History Museum’s Silicon Engine Timeline)

1958

 

Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments demonstrates a “solid circuit” that incorporates both active and passive components on the same substrate.

     

1959

 

Robert Noyce of Fairchild Semiconductor patents a monolithic IC that can be manufactured in high volume.

     

1961

 

Dedicated semiconductor test equipment begins to appear on the commercial market.

     

1964

 

The semiconductor device industry surpasses $1 billion in sales for the first time. (Source: Semiconductor Industry Association)

     

1965

 

Gordon Moore observes that transistor density is doubling every 18 months. It soon becomes knows as Moore’s Law, and drives technology innovation across the industry.

     

1970

 

The SEMI organization is founded by Bill Hugle, Fred Kulicke and John Dannelly.

     

1971

 

The first SEMICON show is held at the San Mateo Fairgrounds in California. The show features 80 exhibitors and is attended by 2,800 people.

     

1972

 

Sam Marshall, the founder of Solid State Technology magazine, organizes SEMI’s first technical symposium at SEMICON in San Mateo.

     

1973

 

The SEMI Standards program is established following meetings between silicon suppliers to try and set common wafer diameters.

     
   

SEMI launches SEMICON East at the Nassau Coliseum in New York, with 120 exhibitors participating.

     

1975

 

SEMICON Europa debuts in Zurich, Switzerland, with 378 exhibitors and 1,800 attendees.

     

1977

 

SEMICON Japan has its debut in Tokyo in November, featuring more than 200 exhibitors and 4,500 visitors.

     

1978

 

SEMI holds its first Information Services Seminar (ISS) in Scottsdale, Arizona, providing a vital service to smaller SEMI members who cannot otherwise afford to collect industry forecast information.

     

1979

 

The inaugural SEMI Awards are held, with 11 individuals recognized for their achievement in advancing equipment and materials technology.

     

1983

 

Bill Reed is appointed president of SEMI.

     

1985

 

Japan overtakes the U.S. as the world’s leading semiconductor producer.

     

1986

 

SEMI establishes the U.S. Japan Trader Partners Conference to ease trade friction between the U.S. and Japanese semiconductor industry. Later the event is renamed ITPC.

     

1987

 

SEMI and the Semiconductor Equipment Association of Japan (SEAJ) enter into an agreement to exchange market data on a monthly basis.

A group of U.S.-based chipmakers form SEMATECH to solve common manufacturing problems.

Shigeo Takayama is elected the first Japanese member of the SEMI board of directors. The same year, Gustav Wirz becomes the first European to be elected to the SEMI board.

In November, SEMICON Korea is held for the first time at the Korean Exhibition Center (KOEX) in Seoul.

     

1988

 

The first SEMICON China exhibition takes place in August at the Shanghai Exhibition Center.

     

1993

 

The global semiconductor equipment market exceeds $10 billion in sales for the first time.

SEMICON Singapore debuts, offering the Southeast Asia region its own expo focused on IC test, assembly and packaging.

     

1994

 

Standardization efforts get underway in preparation for an expected transition from 200mm to 300mm wafers.

     

1995

 

The SEMICON Taiwan exhibition debuts in Taipei, Taiwan.

     

1996

 

The National Medal of Technology, America’s highest honor for technological innovation, is awarded to James C. Morgan, chairman and CEO of Applied Materials.

Stan Myers, formerly president and CEO of Siltec, is appointed president of SEMI.

     

2002

 

Worldwide semiconductor materials sales reach $21 billion, exceeding the size of the equipment market for the first time.